D/W: CTC and Take Home Salary – Explanation with Example

Is you are in same dilemma like whats the difference between CTC and take home loan income? So our article helps you know about in easy way which helps you in every aspect. So read step by step to understand the difference below:

What is CTC?

CTC or Cost to Company is the total expenditure a company would be incurring once it employs you. It includes both monetary and non-monetary perquisites, such as basic salary, dearness allowance, conveyance allowance, training costs, House Rent Allowance, Transportation allowance, medical reimbursements, Leave Travel Allowances, mobile/ telephone bills allowances, etc that are borne by the company to keep you employed.

What is your take home salary?

Take home salary or pay is that portion of your salary that an employee actually gets to take home after paying all deductions and taxes. Thus, this is the amount that you actually get to spend. It is very important that you understand the difference between a CTC and your take home salary as this will directly affect your budget allocations for short term as well as long term. Let us understand this with the help of an example:

Salary component Amount (INR) Taxable amount (INR)
Basic salary 400,000 400,000
House Rent Allowance (HRA)-note 1 100,000 0
Conveyance Allowance 29,200 0
Entertainment Allowance 12,000 12,000
Children Education Allowance 4,000 0
Medical Reimbursements 15,000 0
Gross salary 560,200 412,000
Medical Insurance 3,000  
Provident Fund (PF)(12% of Basic salary) 36,000  
Total Benefit 39,000  
CTC = Gross salary + Benefit 592,200  

Break-up of take home salary:

Deduction/ take home salary Amount (INR)
Tax (as per slab rate)-note 2 14,686
Employee Provident fund(12% of basic salary) 36,000
Professional tax 2,500
Total deduction 53,186
Gross salary 560,200
Net salary(Gross salary – total deductions) 539,014
Monthly take home salary 44,917

Note 2: Assuming the assessee is not a senior citizen, the minimum exemption limit is INR 250,000, above which tax rate is applied at the following rates:

Slabs Rate of tax
Upto 250,000 NIL
250,001-500,000 10%
500,000-1,000,000 20%
Above 1,000,000 30%

Since, the taxable income is INR 412,000, as per the above slab rate, tax is levied @ 10% plus 3% education cess. Further rebate under section 87A is allowed to an individual earning upto INR 500,000.

Tax calculated is as follows:

Particulars Amount (INR)
Upto 250,000 NIL
412,000-250,000 162000 X 0.10= 16200
Education cess @ 3% 16,200 X 0.03= 486
Total tax 16,686
Rebate u/s 87A* 2,000
Net tax 14,686

*It is proposed to amend section 87A by increasing the maximum amount of rebate available from existing INR 2,000 to INR 5,000 with effect from 1st April 2017.